Central government has launched Mission Indradhanush 4.0 to provide routine vaccines to kids and pregnant women. The routine immunisation of kids has taken a hit during COVID-19 years and the launch of the latest Mission Indradhanush campaign is to bring immunization drive on track. It is an effort to increase the vaccination coverage of infants and improve the infant mortality rate in the country as part of the Universal Immunisation Programme. In this article, we will tell you about the complete details of Mission Indradhanush 4th phase.
About Mission Indradhanush 4.0
Health Ministry on 7 February 2022 launched Intensified Mission Indradhanush 4.0. The 4th phase of immunisation drive aims to fill gaps in the routine immunization coverage of infants and toddlers and pregnant women who may have missed taking the prescribed shots at the stipulated time.
The immunisation coverage of kids aged 12-23 months is about 77% as per the latest data but there are several low coverage areas and pockets in the country where this coverage is far lesser. Health Ministry said that 3 rounds of the campaign have been planned to catch up on the gaps that might have emerged due to the COVID-19 pandemic and the activity will be conducted in 416 districts across 33 states and UTs.
These districts have been identified based on vaccination coverage as per the latest National Family Health Survey-5 report, Health Management Information System data and burden of vaccine preventable diseases. In addition, the districts suggested by states have also been included.
Timing of Immunisation Coverage Campaign
Considering the recent upsurge of COVID-19 cases, states have been given the flexibility of carrying out immunisation coverage activity either from February 2022 to April 2022 or from March to May 2022. The first round of the campaign is beginning from February 7 while the second round is set to begin a month later and the third round will commence 4 April 2022.
According to the government, unlike the past, each round will be conducted for seven days, including routine immunisation days, Sundays and public holidays. However, considering the recent peak in COVID-19 cases, states have also been accorded the flexibility of conducting the drives from March to May this year while 11 of the 33 states have planned to go ahead with the February to April schedule.
Vaccination Data for Children / Pregnant Women
The pace of routine immunisation has slowed down in India due to COVID-19 pandemic, hoping that new campaign will contribute in filling the gaps and make lasting gains towards universal Immunisation. 10 phases of Mission Indradhanush have already been completed covering 701 districts across the country. Till April 2021, during the various phases of Mission Indradhanush, a total of 3.86 crore children and 96.8 lakh pregnant women had been vaccinated.
The data shared by the Ministry said that the first two phases of this Mission resulted in 6.7 per cent increase in full immunisation coverage in a year. A survey carried out in 190 districts covered in the fifth phase of the project showed 18.5 per cent points increase in full immunisation coverage as compared to the NFHS-4.