Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs (MoHUA) has launched Swachh Survekshan 2021. Central govt. has launched this program under Swachh Bharat Mission to focus on sustainability of initiatives and also encourage large scale participation of citizens. In 2021 Swachh Survekshan, state ranking would be announced under the survey to be measured based on their fund utilization and support to respective local bodies.
Every year, Swachh Survekshan is redesigned innovatively to ensure the process becomes more robust with focus on sustaining the behaviour change. This is the 6th edition of the annual cleanliness survey and the exercise this year will focus on wastewater treatment and other parameters. This year, the central govt. has also announced new category of awards titled Prerak Daaur Samman.
This Swachh Bharat Survey will be conducted across all cities and towns across the country. Swachh Survekshan will focus on garbage free and open defecation free cities.
Swachh Survekshan 2021 – Complete Details
As in the previous Swachh Survekshan 2020, MoHUA lay emphasis on ensuring sustainability of the sanitation value chain. The Swachh Survekshan 2021 indicators will focus on parameters pertaining to wastewater treatment and reuse along with faecal sludge. Moreover, there would be a new category of awards namely Prerak Daaur Samman as part of Swachh Survekshan 2021. The Central govt. has launched SS 2021 on 3 July 2020. The important features and its progress till date to specify Swachh Survekshan importance is mentioned here:-
- Over five years into the Mission, govt. has made significant strides as Urban India is today completely ODF.
- For Solid Waste Management (SWM) which stood at a mere 18% at the start of the Mission in 2014, has more than tripled and now stands at 66%.
- It would be no exaggeration to say that a key motivation for states and cities to work towards these outcomes has been the framework of Swachh Survekshan, the annual cleanliness survey introduced by MoHUA in 2016.
- From only 73 cities participating in SS 2016 to a pan India coverage of 4242 cities and 62 Cantonment Boards in SS 2020. It is a testament to the ownership that both Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) and citizens have taken when it comes to striving for cleaner, healthier and thus more livable cities.
- The SS 2021 indicators focus on parameters pertaining to wastewater treatment & reuse along with faecal sludge. Similarly, the crucial issues of legacy waste management & remediation of landfills has also been brought to fore in this edition of Survekshan.
- A major focus of Swachh Survekshan has always been on citizen engagement. This year, the citizen-centric focus has been enhanced substantially as marks will be allotted for innovations led by citizens & their contribution city’s solid waste management.
- MoHUA has signed Engagement and Coordination Arrangement with USAID India for cooperation in the field of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH).
- Swachh Survekshan has been made completely digital since the past three years. Swachh Bharat Mission has now 15 in-house & 10 third party applications which have been developed and are currently running for SwachhBharatGov.
The achievements garnered by SBM(U) in not only building capacity of ULBs butvia various citizen led networks. These will prove to be key tools in preparing for such a public health crisis in the future.
Prerak Daaur Samman
The Prerak Daaur Samman has 5 additional sub categories which are as follows:-
1) Divya (Platinum)
2) Anupam (Gold)
3) Ujjwal (Silver)
4) Udit (Bronze)
5) Aarohi (Aspiring)
In each of the above mentioned category, top 3 cities would be recognized who will be eligible for Prerak Daaur Samman.
Cities Categorise Indicators
The survey will categorise cities on the basis of 6 indicator-wise performance criteria, which are as follows:-
A) Segregation of waste into wet, dry and hazard categories.
B) Processing capacity against wet waste generated.
C) Processing and recycling of wet and dry waste.
D) Construction & demolition (C&D) waste processing.
E) Percentage of waste going to landfills.
F) Sanitation status of cities.
The ministry said that Swachh Survekshan 2020 had seen an unprecedented participation of 1.87 crore citizens. The 2018 SS cleanliness survey, which became the world’s largest cleanliness survey had ranked 4,203 cities. The Swachh Survekshan 2019 which not only covered 4,237 cities but was also the first-of-its-kind completely digital survey completed in a record time of 28 days.