Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s Office (PMO) has approved the proposal of Labour Ministry for Universal Social Security Cover 2018. This social security plan will cover 5 crore Indian workers including those in farm sectors. This scheme includes social security system to provide retirement, health, old-age, disability, unemployment and maternity benefits for workers. Central govt. will roll-out this scheme in 3 phases with an outlay of Rs. 2 Lakh crore on the basis of universal social security code.
Social Security Scheme will mostly benefit the lowest 40% population of the country and is a boon for poor workers. Central govt. will classify the beneficiaries in 4 tiers and will put in place a more secure welfare net for laborers. Farmers will also get included in this scheme.
After Ayushman Bharat Yojana / National Health Protection Scheme, this is the second mass benefit social scheme by PM Modi. Previously, central govt. is providing Rs. 5 lakh health insurance coverage per year to 100 million (10 crore) families under NHPS scheme.
Social Security Plan for Workers (Including Farmers)
Finance Ministry and Labour Ministry together will work out on the details of social security scheme. This social security plan requires around Rs. 2 lakh crore on complete roll-out for the lower 40% of total workforce in India. The remaining 60% of the total workforce will have to make partial or full contribution from their own pocket.
Prime Minister Office (PMO) has directed Labour Ministry to carry forward the social security cover at recent high-level meeting. In the meeting, officials gave a presentation on the universal social security code. In addition to this, Finance Ministry is also agreed to implement this scheme for labourers / workers.
This social security scheme will streamline the welfare benefit delivery mechanism to ensure that all the workers across India are provided Social Security Benefit.
Social Security Cover – Rollout in 3 Phases
Labour Ministry has given an advice to the Finance Ministry to roll-out this scheme gradually in phases. Initially, social security cover scheme will require a significantly lesser amount while the fund allocation can be increased afterwards over next 5-10 years to make it universal. This scheme will have a major impact on the lives of poor people which are its first beneficiaries and will get rolled out in 3 phases:-
- First Phase – In this phase, Social Security Scheme will cover all the workers getting the bare minimum coverage which includes health security and retirement benefits.
- Second Phase – This phase will see the addition of unemployment benefits to the benefits of 1st phase.
- Third Phase – All other welfare measures will get included in the last phase to provide complete social security benefits to the workers.
After the successful roll-out of social security scheme in 3 phases over next 10 years duration, govt. will make it universal.
Social Security Scheme – Identification of Beneficiaries
Central govt. will classify the 500 million (5 crore) beneficiaries in 4 tiers:-
Classification of Beneficiaries
|1st Tier||Destitute and Below Poverty Line (BPL) people who are unable to contribute for security payments with the cost being borne entirely by the govt. through tax based schemes.|
|2nd Tier||Unorganized sector workers who can contribute some amount but are not self sufficient. These may be covered under various subsidized schemes.|
|3rd Tier||All those people who can make necessary contributions either by themselves or jointly with their employers in order to become self sufficient.|
|4th Tier||Relatively rich and prosperous people who can make their own provisions to meet emergencies or risks as it occurs.|
This social security system will provide a relief to the millions of under-privileged workers.