Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram was launched by central government for minorities which is now closed. PMJVK is a centrally sponsored scheme which comes after renaming of the previous Multi-sectoral Development Programme (MsDP). This restructured MsDP would minimize the gap between national average and minority community on backwardness parameters. The PMJVK will continue to support the projects sanctioned under erstwhile MsDP for completion of the sanctioned and ongoing projects.
This PM Jan Vikas Karyakram or PMJVK Scheme will provide better socio-economic infrastructure facilities to minority communities and enhance the coverage of scheme. Central govt. will implement this programme in 57% more areas of identified minority concentration towns (MCTs) and village clusters. MsDP covers 196 districts whereas PMJVK (restructured MsDP) will cover 308 districts across the country.
Ministry of Minority Affairs will fund this entire Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram scheme. PMJVK will cover 5 more states and 61 aspirational districts having concentrations of minorities.
Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram (PMJVK) Details
The important features and highlights of Pradhan Mantri Jan Vikas Karyakram are as follows:-
- Restructured MsDP will provide better socio-economic facilities to minority communities in the field of education, health and skill development.
- This would lessen gap between national average and minority community in accordance with the backwardness parameters.
- More flexibility would address important issues for speedy implementation which will result in inclusion of minorities.
- Around 80% of the total available resources will be utilized for health, education and skill development under PMJVK. Moreover, around 33% to 40% resources will be allocated specifically allotted for women centric projects.
- Govt. has rationalized the criteria for identification of Minority Concentration Towns (MCTs) and Clusters of Villages.
- Population Criteria – Govt. has now lowered the population percentage criteria of Minority community and fulfillment of backwardness parameters. Earlier, village clusters with at-least 50% of minority population were considered as MCT which is now lowered to 25%.
- Criteria of Backwardness – Previously, only those towns who are backward in both Basic Amenities and Socio-Economic parameters were taken as MCTs. But now, any town which is found backward in one or both of the above mentioned parameters will be taken up as MCT.
Minority concentration areas are identified on the basis of population of notified minority community based on SECC-2011 Data. Highest number of districts under PMJVK (State Wise Distribution) are – Uttar Pradesh (43), Maharashtra (27), Karnataka (16), Bengal (16) and Rajasthan (16), Gujarat (13), Arunachal Pradesh (13), Kerala (13), Tamil Nadu (12), Madhya Pradesh (8), Haryana (7) and Manipur (7) and Punjab (2). Govt. will also include the most backward 61 most backward “aspirational districts” having concentration of minorities.