In order to provide an impetus to rural road connectivity, the central govt. has approved Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana Phase 3 (PMGSY III). Around 1.25 lakh Km road length is to be consolidated with an estimated cost of Rs. 80,250 crore for the upcoming 5 years duration i.e from 2020 to 2024. Almost 97% of the eligible and feasible habitations have already been connected by all-weather road.
It involves consolidation of ‘Through Routes’ and ‘Major Rural Links’ connecting habitations to gram agricultural markets (GrAMs), higher secondary schools and hospitals. This scheme is essential for the overall socio-economic development of various districts across the country.
PMGSY was launched in December 2000 to provide single all-weather road connectivity to eligible unconnected habitation of designated population size.
PM Gram Sadak Yojana Phase 3 (PMGSY III)
Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by PM Narendra Modi has approved PM Gram Sadak Yojana 3rd Phase (PMGSY-III). Under PMGSY III Scheme, the central govt. has proposed to consolidate 1,25,000 Km road length in the states. PMGSY III Scheme would facilitate easy and faster movement to and from Gramin Agricultural Markets (GrAMs), Higher Secondary Schools and Hospitals. All the roads constructed under PMGSY would be maintained properly.
Financial Implications of PMGSY Phase 3
PMGSY Phase 3 is going to be implemented with an estimated cost of Rs. 80,250 crore. This includes central share of Rs. 53,800 crore and state share of Rs. 26,450 crore. The funds will be shared in the 60:40 ratio b/w centre and states for all states with some exception. The exception is for 8 North Eastern and 3 Himalayan states (Jammu & Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh & Uttarakhand) for which it is 90:10.
PMGSY 3rd Phase Implementation
The period of PM Gram Sadak Yojana project 3rd Phase is b/w 2019-20 to 2024-25. The selection of roads would be based on sum total of marks obtained by particular road based on parameters of population served, market, educational and medical facilities. Bridges would be constructed upto 150 m in plain areas and 200 m in Himalayan and NE states. Currently, there is provision of construction of bridges upto 75 m in plain areas and 100 m in Himalayan and NE states.
The states shall be asked to sign MoU before PMGSY-III launch in order to provide adequate funds for maintenance of roads constructed under PMGSY post 5-year construction maintenance period.
Progress under Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana
Till date, a total 5,99,090 Km road length has already been constructed under the Pradhan Mantri Gram Sadak Yojana. This includes roads constructed under PMGSY-I, PMGSY-II and RCPLWEA scheme. PMGSY-III scheme was announced by FM in Budget 2018-19. CCEA has approved continuation of PMGSY-I & II beyond 12th Five Year Plan. This includes covering of balance eligible habitations under PMGSY-I by March 2019 and PMGSY-II by March 2020.