Prime Minister Narendra Modi has finally launched the ambitious Shyama Prasad Mukherji Rurban Mission (SPMRM) or National Rurban Mission to transform rural areas of the country. The mission is aimed at the overall development of the rural areas or creating smart villages in all states and UT’s of the country. The mission was launched from Kurubhat, in Rajnandgaon district of Chhattisgarh on 21 February 2016.
Introduction National Rurban Mission
The mission is described as one which would enable cluster based development – with a “Rural Soul and Urban Amenities.”. Under the National Rurban Mission, rural clusters will be developed by improving the economic activities, developing skills & local entrepreneurship and providing better infrastructure facilities. The overall development will automatically improve the quality of living in nearby villages.
National Rurban Mission is basically to complement Smart Cities and create smart villages with urban amenities.
Objectives and Plans of National Rurban Mission
Under the ‘Rurban Mission’, 300 rural centers, catering to at least four adjoining villages each, will be developed as urban clusters with modern facilities over the period of 3 years. The cluster development is aimed at providing jobs to the rural youth near their villages. The same will also help in curbing migration of youth from villages to cities.
Alone by the end of 2016, the Government has set a target to develop such 100 clusters across the country. The development will also ensure that urban level education, health, electricity and other lifestyle facilities are well within the reach of the village residents.
The clusters will be geographically contiguous Gram Panchayats with a population of about 25000 to 50000 in plain and coastal areas and a population of 5000 to 15000 in desert, hilly or tribal areas.
Selection of Clusters
The selection of clusters for development will be done basis on an objective analysis of impact of demography, economy, tourism and pilgrimage significance and transportation corridor at District, Sub District and Village level. A scientific process is being followed by the Ministry of Rural Development for the objective analysis.
Post analysis, the Ministry of Rural Development will provide a suggestive list of clusters to the state, The state governments will then finally select the clusters to be developed following a set of indicated principles included in the Framework for Implementation.
Funding and Implementation of National Rurban Mission
The National Rurban Mission will be monitored by the state governments at state levels while it will be managed by the Union Ministry of Rural Development at national level. The funding for the development of rural clusters will come from converging of various schemes of the government. 30% of the cost of development per cluster will be provided as Critical Gap Funding (CGF) as Central Share.
Sectors Proposed to be Developed Under Rurban Mission
Initially, 14 sectors as mentioned below have been identified to ensure the development at optimum level.
- Skill development training linked to economic activities
- Agro Processing/Agri Services/Storage and Warehousing
- Digital Literacy
- Provision of piped water supply
- Solid and liquid waste management
- Village streets and drains
- Street lights
- Fully equipped mobile health unit
- Upgrading school /higher education facilities
- Inter-village road connectivity
- Citizen Service Centres – for electronic delivery of citizen centric services/e-gram connectivity
- Public transport
- LPG gas connections.
The Rurban Mission will eventually help achieving twin objectives of strengthening rural areas and de burdening the urban areas hence leading to balanced regional development and growth of the country.
More details about the national rurban mission can be found at official website of Ministry of Rural Development at http://rural.nic.in
IMG CREDIT: narendramodi.in